Driving Pressure During Mechanical Ventilation of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

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Ali Mohamed Ali Abdelhameed
Abo-Bakr Helal Al-Asmar
Ezzat Atwa Ali
Atef Wahdan Saleh

Abstract

Background: Driving pressure has been identified as a more accurate indicator of mortality risk than low tidal volume (VT) and pulmonary compliance (Ppl). It was also noted that when this pressure surpasses the 18 cm H2O mark, there is a significant elevation in the relative risk of death. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of driving pressure guided ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).   


Patients and Methods: The study included 64 subjects selected from the respiratory intensive care unit (RICU) of Al-Azhar University Hospital (Damietta). All participants received management through a protective lung strategy that was informed by driving Pressure. The study outcomes included 1). Determination of weaning categories; 2). Adverse events; 3). Length of ICU stay and duration of mechanical ventilation; 4). Mechanical Ventilation-free days, and 5). Organ/s dysfunction.


Results: The commonest cause of admission was pneumonia (36%), and least percentage was septic shock (1.6%). The median ICU stay was 7 days (4 to 25 days) and weaning success rate was 76.6% with mortality rate of 23.4%. The severity was mainly severe (40.6%) and moderate (31.2%). Driving pressure at day 1 of ≤ 21 had sensitivity of 97.96%, specificity of 80.0% and area under curve (AUC) of 0.952. The driving pressure was significantly increased in cases with failure weaning than the success weaning (24.67 ± 1.05 vs 16.86 ± 1.24, respectively). In addition, it was significantly increased in died than alive patients. There was progressive significant increase of driving pressure from mild to moderate to severe cases. Pneumothorax was recorded among 9.4% and pleural effusion was recorded for 7.8% of patients.  


Conclusion: Use of driving pressure guided ventilation in patients with ARDS improves lung compliance, decreases the duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay. Driving pressure < 21 can predict mortality.

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1.
Abdelhameed AMA, Al-Asmar A-BH, Ali EA, Saleh AW. Driving Pressure During Mechanical Ventilation of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome . SJMS [Internet]. 2024 May 19 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];3(3):32-7. Available from: https://realpublishers.us/index.php/sjms/article/view/90
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